Beyond Kings & Queens: Renaming the tarot’s court cards

So here’s a question: What do you call your court cards?

By this I mean the 16 ‘people’ of the tarot, usually named the Page, Knight, Queen and King; a royal family for each of the four suits. They tend to represent people or elements of people, rather than situations (though that’s a general rule, not a hard-and-fast one!) and we usually think of them as having the characteristics of actual humans.

To my mind, the King/Queen binary hierarchy is just another way tarot can reinforce gender nonsense, but the good news is, as with all things tarot, you don’t have to follow the rules! Many deck creators choose to rename these cards, for various reasons. Some wish to sidestep the royal hierarchy inherent in this system, others to strip out the gendered elements. Another reason is to find better ways to express the qualities of the card.

I’m down with all three of those adaptations! Any approach to tarot that opens space for alternative interpretations or the challenging of gender perceptions is a-ok with me. (I also like the way that some artists choose to refer to these cards as ‘face cards’ rather than ‘court’, again moving away from that hierarchy. I’m trying to make this my habit, too.)

The creators of the decks below have each chosen to name their face cards in a pattern different to the traditional Page, Knight, Queen, King. I love that each style of renaming brings something different to the way we perceive these characters. Let me know which approach works best for you in the comments!

The Collective Tarot

Seeker / Apprentice / Artist / Mentor

The Collective Tarot was the first I encountered in which the face cards had been renamed, and it was a huge breath of fresh air. The curiosity imbued in the ‘Seeker’ delighted me, whereas the active commitment of the ‘Apprentice’ gave me a new appreciation of the traditional Knight. Meanwhile the inner world of the ‘Artist’, discovering and expressing inner landscapes, and the ‘Mentor’, using skills honed over a lifetime to leach and empower others, felt like exciting and radical re-visionings of the traditional Queen and King.

The Tarot of the Crone

Witch of Swords and Grandmother of Swords © Ellen Lorenzi-Prince, via

Beast / Witch / Grandmother / Shadow

Another feminist deck, Ellen Lorenzi Prince’s Tarot of the Crone (soon to be back in print – hurrah!) names its cards after four faces of an older woman. Beginning with beast and ending with shadow, I freakin’ love the way this deck overturns any notion of an ‘old crone’ as someone meek or decrepit, but uses these four faces to express different approaches to the awesome power of the crone:

Beast: The primal instinct of the power. The wild and whole expression of the element.
Witch: The focused use of the power concerned with fulfillment and expression of self.
Grandmother: The mature expression of the power concerned with family and community.
Shadow: The element’s overdone, destructive and transformative powers.

From the Tarot of the Crone booklet by Ellen Lorenzi Prince, via Aeclectic.

Thea’s Tarot

Child / Amazon / Daughter / Mother

As a feminist, lesbian deck, all characters in Ruth West’s Thea’s Tarot are female-presenting. I love the openness of the ‘Child’ (Page), the wild, strong, determined ‘Amazon’ (Knight) who really feels like she’ll fight for what she believes in (even if she’s sometimes misguided). I also appreciate the alternative partnership of ‘Mother’ and ‘Daughter’ in place of King and Queen, to me, this celebrates the strength in what is for many women an incredibly important and formative relationship.

The Slow Holler Tarot

Student / Traveller / Visionary / Architect

I think the collectively-created Slow Holler Tarot’s are my favourite renamings of court cards. I love the simplicity of ‘Student’, which is just exactly how I begin interpreting Page cards. I love the dynamism in ‘Traveller’ (Knight), and the authority and strength of the ‘Architect’ (King). And ‘Visionary’? Wow. What an incredible way to convey the way a Queen communicates from a place of real inner strength and understanding.

Aside from the ‘degrees of experience’ conveyed by the Slow Holler’s renaming, I also love that they choose to place the Queen-equivalent as the final card in the face card sequence (as in, it would come ‘above’ the King in a standard hierarchy, or would be the last card in a gradual maturation, as in many of the decks in this article.) I always felt that the queen’s tendency to go deep within and use the qualities of their suit for personal growth and transformation felt like a step onwards from the king’s typical ability to express their suit outwardly and lead others.

The World Spirit Tarot

Seer / Seeker / Sybil / Sage

Again, tarot creator Lauren O’Leary has chosen to consciously avoid the old European hierarchies of traditional tarot, and names her court cards after life stages and uses gender-neutral language. I especially love ‘Sybil’ — the oracular wise women of ancient Greece — in place of queen, which O’Leary describes as “governing their realms with ease.”

The Wild Unknown Tarot

Daughter / Son / Mother / Father

Not the most radical renaming, these face cards make up a ‘standard’ family unit — the four in each suit are all from the same animal family (snakes for wands, for example, or swans for cups). Though Kim Krans’ Wild Unknown Tarot is the deck I use most often in my work, I still find that I struggle with neutralising gender and queering these renamed cards. Still, I feel like this can a more accessible approach than the regal court, and I find that my querents really relate to this simple system.

First published on Autostraddle.

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  1. Roger Sanders says:

    Thanks Beth, perfect timing! Just been musing on a spread and nodding off…its almost midnight here in NZ….where the King of Wands represents one side of a dilemma, your post perked me up and I’m going with mentor and architect, nicely summing up the ‘Kings’ involved.


  2. kshanexx says:

    thanks Beth! i just started with the Wild Unknown yesterday and the familial names of the court cards is presenting a bit of a challenge for me as well. especially since i don’t have much to draw from on the subject of ‘family’. it’s difficult for me to consider what traits these ‘individuals’ possess without feeling like i’m inherently first gendering, then stereotyping them. so then i try to reverse the ‘roles’ and realize i’m just doing it again, but in reverse. like you, though, i do feel it is more accessible to the royal naming of a lot of decks; i’ve never been able to relate to ‘page’, ‘knight’, ‘queen’, ‘king’, as a raised-poor-working-class, currently-poor, disabled, queer individual. ‘family’ names seem more organic, in a sense. they’re at least things i grew up with.

    i welcome anyone’s insights on the Wild Unknown courts. i did my introductory reading and i was told in no uncertain terms that the bulk of my knowledge from this deck would arrive not from the book that came with the cards, but from personal intuition/experience and collaborating with/learning from others.

    i wonder if part of it could be learning to relate differently to the idea of ‘family’. so much to consider.

  3. Rowan says:

    I think my favorite approach so far is the Numinous Tarot’s, being Dreamer / Explorer / Creator (Queen) / Mystic. Though what I’d really love to do is mix up all these new titles into my own perfect court! Mine would be Seeker from the Collective Tarot, Explorer from the Numinous, Visionary from the Slow Holler, and Sage from the World Spirit.

  4. Kelly says:

    Hi Beth ~

    Will you be carrying the Slow Holler deck in your shop? Although I have a couple of tarot decks I have shied away from them, in the most part, because of the court cards. Something just didn’t feel right when I used them and consequently tend to use my oracle decks a majority of the time. The Slow Holler deck, due also in part to the great graphics, speaks to me 🙂

    • Beth says:

      Hi Kelly! Yes – I do hope very much to stock the Slow Holler Tarot. I’m waiting on an update but as soon as I know anything, those on my Bits & Bobs email list will be notified right away! And I’ll put it on the blog too. But just now, I’m not sure when it will be. x

  5. I love the Collective Tarot’s approach (Seeker/Apprentice/Artist/Mentor). I’ve been irritated more than once by the heavily gendered nuances in the more “traditional” tarot decks, and so when I encountered this setup, I was super excited. I’ve been reorganizing my personal decks in that fashion ever since. I tend to believe the reader/reading recipient bring so much to the table through their intuitive interpretations of the cards, no matter what the “guide book” has to say, anyhow.

    • Beth says:

      Totally agree with you about Elisabeth – once the cards are in the hands of a reader, and once they are being offered to a querent, in my opinion who cares what the book says, since there’s something different going on and interpretations are entirely subjective!

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